How to Save Money and Conserve Your Cannabis with Vaporizers

RELATED STORY How to Save Money and Conserve Your Cannabis with Vaporizers Vape Temperature Matters is-vaporization-safe-2 A 2009 study was one of the first to look at variable temperatures and vaporizing. Like earlier studies, this 2009 study not only showed fewer harmful byproducts in vaping versus smoking, but also showed that temperature matters. In this study, cannabis was vaporized at three different temperatures (338°F, 392°F, and 446°F), with the cannabinoid-to-byproduct ratio measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The ratio at 392°F and 446°F was significantly higher than in smoke, showing less harmful toxins when vaporizing. RELATED STORY How to Customize Your Cannabis High with Temperature Most vaporizers heat cannabis to a temperature just below combustion, in the range of 180 to 200°C (356 to 392°F). We nowso know specific temperatures at which various compounds are released: 220°F for THCA, all the way up to 428°F, right under the combustion temperature of 451°F, for the non-psychoactive compound cannabichromene (CBC). Therefore, the elusive question regarding preferred vaporizer temperature can finally be answered. If for medicinal use, the temperature is dependent on the compound you need. Temperature for recreational use largely remains a personal preference. Research on Cannabis Vaporization AheadDraft

Supreme Court of Canada okays medicinal pot cookies, other cannabis products

Supreme Court of Canada okays medicinal pot cookies, other cannabis products




The Supreme Court of Canada has opened Pandora’s cookie jar by blessing pot-infused ginger snaps and cannabis derivatives, causing a fuming federal health minister to insist that patients must smoke their bud.

In a unanimous decision, stinging in its brevity and common sense, the country’s highest court said Thursday medical marijuana patients should not be restricted to just the dried plant.

The seven justices said the national medical pot program was flawed, impinged patients’ rights, and was not saved by the section of the constitution that allows reasonable infringements for worthy societal goals.

Lawyers involved in the case said it also had broader implications because the right to use comes with an implicit right of access to a supply.

Although the court didn’t address the issue, the lawyers said the situation is analogous to the rulings that led to the creation of the medical marijuana scheme at the turn of the century.

Although this case was supported by the Victoria Cannabis Buyers Club, such clinics and dispensaries that have long provided derivative products as well as dried pot have always been illegal.

The landmark Supreme Court ruling, however, appears to give them arguable legal ground on which to sell derivatives, since there are no authorized suppliers.

That could have huge repercussions in Vancouver where civic officials are faced with nearly 100 unregulated outlets, most offering a range of pot products as well as dried weed.

Health Minister Rona Ambrose was apoplectic the high court ruled that patients now can have cannabis tea, brownies, cookies, chocolate bars, hash, balms, creams, lotions, tinctures, infused oils, salves …

“Marijuana has never gone through the regulatory approval process at Health Canada, which requires rigorous safety reviews and clinical trials with scientific evidence,” she told reporters in Ottawa.

“So frankly, I’m outraged by the Supreme Court.”

Ambrose maintained that cannabis didn’t become therapeutic “because judges deemed it so.”

The Conservative insistence that patients smoke or vape their medication once again finds them clashing with the judiciary, which considers that nonsensical.

“Inhaling marihuana (the archaic legal spelling) can present health risks and is less effective for some conditions than administration of cannabis derivative,” the country’s highest bench said in the ruling that was unsigned, implying institutional weight.

There is no connection between the prohibition on non-dried forms of marijuana and the health of the patients who qualify for legal access, the court said.

“It is therefore difficult to understand why allowing patients to transform dried marihuana into baking oil would put them at greater risk than permitting them to smoke or vaporize dried marihuana,” the justices added.

“Moreover, the Crown provided no evidence to suggest that it would. … Finally, the evidence established no connection between the impugned restriction and attempts to curb the diversion of marihuana into the illegal market. We are left with a total disconnect between the limit on liberty and security of the person imposed by the prohibition and its object.”

The appropriate remedy the court said is a declaration that the law is of no force and effect to the extent that it prohibits a person with a medical authorization from possessing cannabis derivatives for medical purposes.

“It’s fantastic,” enthused Vancouver Island lawyer Kirk Tousaw, who with Abbotsford counsel John Conroy handled the appeal.

“It goes into effect immediately — what else could you ask for?”

Jason Gratl, of the B.C. Civil Liberties Association which was one of five intervenors in the case, also celebrated:

“It’s a great victory. It carries the potential to be a stepping stone to significant changes on other legal issues, such as the threshold for triggering the right to liberty. And their use of the word ‘non-trivial’ is important, too.”

One of the key points of the ruling is that the court broadly conceived of medical autonomy to include not only amelioration of injury or illness, but also “non-trivial” enhancement, maintenance and preservation of health or well-being.

The choice of individuals to use what they experience as the most efficacious mode of using a medication is a “non-trivial” choice, and restricting that choice infringes the right to liberty.

In rejecting the government’s appeal, the court explained that it was not suspending its declaration, even though the lower court decision had given Ottawa a year to fix the law.

Such a suspension, the justices said, would leave patients without lawful medical treatment and the law and law enforcement in limbo.

But there is no legal supply of cannabis derivatives — and the decision will incite a sea-change in the direction of the medical cannabis industry away from smoking by allowing a broad range of new products.

Tousaw said the supply issue was a new conundrum: “It’s unresolved — which is a big problem. They could licence (producers). But won’t.”

Gratl said the supply question loomed over the judgment — noting that with dried marijuana, patients first won the right to use it with the Parker decision in 2000, then the right to a supply in Hitzig v. Canada 2003.

The case has its roots in a December 2009 West Coast bust.

The former head baker for the cannabis club, Owen Smith, was arrested in his Victoria apartment with 200-plus cookies, a supply of cooking oils and some dried dope. He was charged under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act with trafficking tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the main psychoactive chemicals in pot and presumably the tasty snaps and oils, and possession.

In 2012, B.C. Supreme Court Judge Robert Johnston acquitted Smith after ruling that the medical marijuana regulations were constitutionally flawed because they restricted patients’ therapeutic use of cannabis.

The high bench affirmed the acquittal.

Tousaw said his client was thrilled.

Both the old rules, known as the Marihuana Medical Access Regulations, and the new ones titled, the Marijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations, which came into effect April 1, restricted patients to only dried cannabis.

Johnston, whose reasoning was endorsed by the Supreme justices, said that constraint was arbitrary.

He found criminalizing how a patient used his or her medicine an unwarranted infringement of security-of-the-person rights guaranteed under Section 7 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Marijuana’s active ingredients have a longer-lasting effect if they are ingested rather than inhaled, bringing greater benefit to those who use it to treat conditions such as chronic pain or glaucoma.

Smoking achieves a quicker, but less-lasting benefit.

But for many patients, especially children and the elderly, the court heard, using extracts is a much more reasonable method of ingestion than smoking or vaping.

Last August, in a 2-1 judgment, the B.C. Court of Appeal agreed with Johnston sparking Ottawa’s appeal.

(The decision is available on the Supreme Court’s website. Extracts of its March hearing are available here.)

Older Adults Teaching Older Adults about Cannabis – The Stoner Stigma is Now Gone

Our parents and grandparents are changing the typical 'stoner' demographic bell curve.Our parents and grandparents are changing the typical ‘stoner’ demographic bell curve.

Seniors have recently been warming up to the idea of medical cannabis use. The topic has been covered many times over in the media recently that senior cannabis use has increased from 2.8 million to 4.3 million between 2013 and 2014 in California[i].  Amazing contrast regardless, the amount of medicinal seniors registered in the state out-numbers the entire population of Kentucky. Since the California Senate Bill 420 went into effect in 2004, over ten years have passed.
So is this delayed wave of activity due to seniors simply being late to the game, or is there more to it?


Man with papers

Elderly are warming up to the concept of cannabis.

It is usually satirized how most of our grandparents become aware of trends or pop culture references some years after initial relevancy. But in the case of cannabis, it’s a different story: the demographic was informed, just afraid to become labeled with the ‘stoner stigma’. And this instilled fear dates back to their childhood, when Yippies in their community were getting locked up on a daily basis, and the propaganda agenda of Reefer Madness still lingered.

However, it appears the tide is turning as some of the elders with that traditional mindset are now becoming canna-verts and even advocating its use. One woman, Sue Taylor, gave some insight as to what changed her opinion…
The state certified teacher was not only a classroom instructor, but also a Catholic school principal in the education system, and an advocate against pot use. While writing a parenting book in Georgia, she received a call from her son proposing the idea of implementing her dream of senior therapy adjacent and funded by a dispensary. Quite the proposal for a mother who told her children she would call the authorities if she found any substances in her house. Being afraid she was ‘losing her son to drugs’, the ordained minister moved out to California and quickly became informed about the truth revolving the devil’s lettuce. And that was 7 years ago.
Now, as one of the biggest pot proponent in the Bay Area, her educational subject is now Cannabis, as she informs seniors about the ‘evil’ they grew up with.

Senior Kerry Stiles ingests THC with eyedropper

Senior Kerry Stiles ingests his CBD via an eyedropper method.

“They resonate with me right away for two reasons. Number one, because I am a science teacher. And number two, I tell them two things: you don’t have to smoke it; and the psychoactivity can be lessened or even minimal. And they become very interested” Sue states.

After time has passed, her former senior students even return to her to thank Sue for her lectures. “Time and time again seniors approach me and say ‘Ms Sue, Ms Sue! I’m no longer on the pharmaceutical drugs, I only use cannabis. Over time I was able to eliminate them. One-by-one my doctor took me off of them’. Because they start off with three pills; their high blood pressure meds adversely affect the thyroid, they give them a thyroid pill, then the thyroid pill causes their liver to act up and then they have to take something for their liver. And it goes on, and on and on…”

Sue Taylor

Educator Sue Taylor strives for cannabis awareness in senior community.


But as Sue breaks the cycle in California, there is another ‘cannabis crusader’ on a mission to end the misinformed baby boomers. Robert Platshorn leads a similar campaign from a not so similar background as Sue Taylor. The 70 year old Platshorn was actually a criminal, and served 29 years for being involved in the notorious marijuana smuggling surfer ring of the 1970’s.[ii] Upon his release, he started The Silver Tour, which is also geared towards elderly education on cannabis. Robert’s Silver Tour has been featured on The Daily Show, appeared besides Rush Limbaugh and Glenn Beck, and made countless radio broadcasts.

It’s comforting to know that people like Sue Taylor and Robert Platshorn are working towards enlightening the elderly. And between the two of them, the goal of informing this AARP crowd seems more and more AARPossible.

For more on Sue’s testimony, check out her podcast interview with And make sure to check out Robert’s Silver Tour website.

Which Is Best For Pain Relief: THC Or CBD?


The world of medical cannabis can be daunting. With all of the new strains and products out there, how do you find the right one? Unfortunately, many medical cannabis patients have to do quite a bit of experimentation before they finally hit their stride. When it comes to pain relief, however, certain strains may be better than others. Here’s the scoop on which cannabinoid is better for pain relief, THC or CBD.

THC vs. CBD: Which is better for pain?

The best answer to this question is both. While each compound has pain-fighting properties of its own, two of them work best when they are consumed together. Both tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) work with each other synergistically, enhancing the overall pain-fighting effect of the herb.

THC is considered the primary psychoactive component in the cannabis plant. Many medical cannabis patients find that consuming regular ol’ high-THC cannabis provides adequate pain relief.

However, it’s not uncommon to need to do some experimentation to find what type of cannabis works best for your particular situation.

CBD is not considered psychoactive in the same manner as THC, though it still has an effect on the brain. Unlike THC, CBD will not cause a noticeable “high”. Rather, this cannabinoid has calming and uplifting properties that can reduce the mental effects of THC and fight pain and inflammation.

Many patients like high-CBD strains for relief from pain caused by spasticity and cramping.

It’s not uncommon to hear that both high-THC and high-CBD strains successfully ease away pain. However, research suggests that the best pain management may come from strains with large amounts of both compounds. Here’s why:

Whole plant medicine

pain2 Which Is Best For Pain Relief: THC Or CBD?
Photo credit

The synergistic interactions between THC and CBD make up what is called the entourage effect. In theory, the entourage effect suggests that all of the various phytochemicals in the cannabis plant work together to produce beneficial effects.

This is perhaps why full-plant cannabis buds and extracts are thought to be more helpful to patients than isolates.

Not only do THC and CBD interact with one another to fight pain, but these compounds engage with various terpenes as well. Terpenes are aroma molecules found in the resin glands of plants.

These theories suggest that opting for a strain with a variety of cannabinoids and terpenoids would be highly beneficial for medical cannabis patients, including those seeking relief from chronic pain.

Some lucky patients can already access a cannabis-based pharmaceutical for pain. In Canada, the GW Pharmaceuticals product Sativex is available for the treatment of cancer pain. Sativex is a multiple sclerosis drug that contains a one to one ratio of THC to CBD, plus some beneficial terpenes.

Further, there are over 100 cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Decades of research restrictions mean that scientists have only really begun to study the cannabis plant in depth over the past few years. Though, Isreal has spearheaded the cannabis research game since the 1970s.

Some of these cannabinoids are thought to be analgesics as well. Here are some other potential buzz words to look for:

What should I look for in a cannabis strain for pain?

pain3 Which Is Best For Pain Relief: THC Or CBD?
Photo credit

When searching for the best strain for pain, there are a few things to keep in mind. Many people lack access to quality selections of cannabis, and it can be difficult for folks to find exactly what they need. Further, every person responds differently to cannabis.

For some, high THC strains may be more beneficial. Though the psychoactive nature of THC may be off-putting to certain people, many find that the “high” helps them forget about the pain and focus on something else. CBD strains, on the other hand, may help reduce inflammation and improve mood, which could improve your ability to handle pain.

To make sure you’re getting the relief that you need, here are a few things to keep in mind when picking out a strain for pain:

  • Sedative, indica strains are some of the most popular picks for chronic pain management.
  • A strain that contains a little of both CBD and THC may be more effective than one with THC alone.
  • High THC levels mean that you may more easily forget about your pain.
  • CBD strains are generally considered better for daytime consumption.
  • Sativa strains are often consumed for neuropathic pain and chronic headaches, though this is highly subjective.
  • Pick strains or products that are very fragrant or have high terpene tests.

The best cannabis strains for pain relief

pain4 Which Is Best For Pain Relief: THC Or CBD?
Photo credit

Though everyone responds to cannabis differently, these strains are thought to be helpful for pain management, generally speaking:

Searching for more information on cannabis for pain relief? Take a look at the full article here.

Alzheimer ; Shout Out in Chemainus !


 out Out

Dave C. Salter to Chemainus Shout Out

Hello Chemainiacs, I do understand a lot of you are thinking the cannabis posts are a bit much… but when the topic of this post is strictly about results from a community member, I think that deserves a huge shout out.

I had a family come to me a few months back, in total panic mode. they wanted to get help for their 88yr old mom, who has dementia and had developed OCD like tendencies.
I received this email last night from them.

“Hi Dave…sorry it has taken me so long to write this up for you guys. Its kind of long but I wanted to tell our story.
I wanted to share our experience about the benefits of cannabis oil and how it helped our 88 year old mother who suffers with dementia. Over the last couple of years we have watched our Mom slip into a world of fear, confusion and anxiety all brought on by dementia. Things really started to get bad after we lost our Dad, my mothers loving husband for 65 years. The loneliness and loss she was feeling was overwhelming. This started to show itself in what the family doctor described as OCD behaviours, caused by dementia and the anxiety and stress our mom was experiencing. At first it was like an oral fixation, constantly pulling on her tongue and a constant rubbing of her hands. She became obsessed with wiping her mouth with Kleenex and would use hundreds a day. As we expressed our concerns to the doctor he would explain it as symptoms of dementia and began to prescribe drugs that were meant to alleviate her symptoms. Nothing helped, and nothing worked. This went on for about a year and as things got worse and new behaviours would emerge the doctor would either increase the dose or try another medication. This was done through consults with a psychiatrist on the seniors team. This psychiatrist had never met my mother or spent anytime with her at all. At the end of 18 months our mom was basically in a catatonic state, unable to communicate or interact with people and had no quality of life. She took about 10 different pills in the morning and another 5 at the end of every day. When mom began to scratch at her self and keep picking at sores we knew something had to change. She would have between 50 and 60 open infected sores all over her arms and legs. It was at this time that I asked the doctor to start weaning her off all the drugs, mostly anti-psychotics, that were not helping and in my opinion doing more harm than good. The doctor was opposed to this plan and was definitely against the suggestion of trying the medical cannabis route. I went to work with the staff at The Leaf and explained the situation. Everything was done very cautiously and with the greatest concern for our mom. I gave them all her prescriptions and they checked all the drugs she was on to make sure she would have no problems. To make a long story short, within 5 to 10 days of using the cannabis oil everything began to change. We are now 3 months in and all the picking has stopped, the pulling of her tongue is very minimal and she has gone back to being the pleasant social woman she always was. Interacting with everyone, smiling, laughing and once again being involved in the various activities that take place in her assisted living facility. She is off all pharmaceuticals except for one tablet a day for her thyroid. Off her blood pressure meds and a host of other things. Literally from about 15 pills a day, to one!!! Her quality of life has been restored and it has prevented a move to the next level of care. I cannot thank the Leaf Compassion staff enough for carefully guiding us through these unknown waters and keeping our mom’s health and safety in mind at every turn. This has made a huge change for our whole family and given us back our mom. Don’t misunderstand, our mother still has dementia but the benefits of the cannabis oil have given her peace and comfort once again.”


So, in light of recent municipal and RCMP wishwash, this is why I do what I do. This is why Canadians should be standing up and demanding a cleaner safer, medicinal alternative for themselves and the ones they love. This plant isn’t a danger to anyone, quite the opposite. so I urge you all to have an open mind about cannabis, have a open discussion with your friends & loved ones. This topic is no longer a taboo, it is mainstream and should rightly be treated as such. If we want to be outraged we can be outraged at epidemic of over prescription of pharmaceuticals to the elderly.

– Dave

How Much Marijuana Can I Yield Per Plant? A Pound!

One of the most popular questions regarding marijuana is “How much marijuana can one plant produce?” or “How much will a 600 watt HPS yield?” There are no simple answers to this question as each situation depends on a number of variables.

Many people take up growing weed and they have a variety of reasons for doing so. In every case, you want to get the most out of your crop. Whether you’re growing for medical reasons or you just want to make a little money on the side, the overall yield is a top priority for all growers.

In this article I will discuss all everything there is to know about marijuana yields. Got questions or tips? Place them in the comments below this article.

Don’t want to read? Watch the video!

Maximum yield per plant indoors

Lights are of the utmost importance when you’re growing indoors. Experienced growers can produce about a gram of marijuana per watt of light (1 gram = 0,035 oz). So, a 400-watt HPS grow light can potentially translate to 400 grams or 14 oz of dried, usable cannabis.

HPS grow light

600watt HPS grow light with reflector

Likewise, a grow room with 1200 watts of light can yield 1.2 kilograms or 42 oz of cannabis. Having the right equipment, adequate nutrient solutions, beneficial air quality, and other valuable factors is important for producing the highest yields possible. Making sure the plants have space to grow is also key.

Tip: make sure to download my free Grow Bible and learn how to maximize your yield

Average expected yield per plant indoor from soil

If you are using soil to grow indoors, you can expect somewhat less of a yield than if you’d grown hydroponically. This is because hydro growers can fully control the amount of nutrients their plants receive.

Check out these pics below. You can see that hydro plants grow faster than soil plants
Pictures powered

Although soil growing can potentially lower your yield, it also is easier to grow. This is because it not only creates a buffer for error but it also holds nutrients within the soil. When growing in soil, there is room to make mistakes with pH and TDS and pay for it in yield. In terms of numbers, expect a maximum of 1 gram per watt. That means a 600watt lamp can produce 600 grams of marijuana or 21 ounces.

Average expected yield per plant indoor from hydro

Growing hydroponically yields up to 20% more, as long as you do not make any mistakes. With hydro growing, there is no room for errors. You must be very careful about the TDS and pH levels because the roots are directly in water (and not soil) and incorrect levels can immediately effect the plants.

Here’s Why Cannabis Infused Coconut Oil Is So Effective and Powerful

Experts working with cannabis claim that this plant in combination with coconut oil can become even more bio available. This means that the usage and absorption of nutrients will be higher by every system.
The efficiency of the THC extraction is due to the richness of saturated fats in the coconut oil. Cannabinoids can also be absorbed by many other oils, such as butter, but coconut oil allows much better absorption.

It is well-known that cannabis is a plant that is used in medicinal purposes and this fact is recognized by the medical institutions.

If you didn’t know, people around the globe used cannabis for many years and numerous health issues were successfully treated like inflammation, menstrual pain, aches, insomnia, anxiety, swelling, depression and a number of other problems.

But what’s intriguing is that that there are many ways to consume this plant: vaping, eating, smoking etc. There are many cases when people combined marijuana with other foods.

But it turns out that using cannabis as infused in virgin coconut oil is the simplest and best method for medicinal purposes.

Much like cannabis, coconut oil has numerous benefits to our health and that’s why it’s used in hair and skin care products.

Coconut oil can help boost the immune system and the digestion. It has great amount of lauric, caprylic and capric acid. They are all known for their antibacterial, anti-fungal and antimicrobial properties.

Cannabis and Coconut Oil

The mix of marijuana and coconut oil produce cannabinoid which is extremely powerful remedy consumed with food, used externally or taken as a capsule.

Only a half teaspoon of coconut oil and a couple of few drops of medicinal cannabis boost the bio availability of this remedy.

If you want to make Cannabis with Coconut Oil, put 1 gram of de-carboxylate cannabis for each ounce of coconut oil. Put the crushed marijuana into a glass container and add coconut oil. Close the container, sealing it well and then put it in water-filled pan. Heat the water slowly and maintain it below the boiling level for one hour.

This way you will prevent the oil from overheating.

Then, strain the resulting mixture to remove the solid parts and squeeze the juice from the marijuana. Many people strain the mixture using cheesecloth.

After you complete this procedure, you can consume the cannabis with coconut oil like that, add it in foods or use it as lotion. You can cook with this oil, but only when the temperature is below 315 F. This is the boiling temperature for active compound of cannabis. If you heat the oil at higher temperatures its effects will disappear.

Cancer, Candida and Mom’s Marijuana

Moms for Marijuana

By Adrion T. Kelley

My mother, for all intents and purposes, is relatively square. She listens to Rush Limbaugh every morning while working around the house and likes to relax in the evening to a good old-fashioned black and white movie. Needless to say she has never been much of a partier, let alone a drinker or a smoker. However my mother for many years has been a supporter of cannabis being used to help ease the pain and suffering of people diagnosed with cancer. Recently my mother herself was diagnosed with cancer. Along with the diagnosis came an uncomfortable feeling of uncertainty and helplessness that was amplified by the harsh reality of financial burden and medical ambiguity. Through it all my mother and I not only have gained a heightened awareness of the medical communities lack of understanding in regards to cancer itself, but also we have gained the knowledge of a truly effective cure.

Even in a time when medical marijuana is accepted, there is still a misconception about its medical use. Many doctors will admit that some of the compounds found in cannabis are effective in treating the side effects of chemotherapy, but the current medical establishment objects to cannabis and its chemical compounds being used for anything else. This is the same medical establishment who has spent numerous years and countless billions developing a cancer treatment plan that even doctors won’t expose themselves to. Scientists from the McGill Cancer Center asked 79 doctors, all experts on lung cancer, if they themselves were diagnosed with cancer would they consider using chemotherapy. Of the 79 doctors 58 said they would not expose themselves to chemotherapy due to “the ineffectiveness and the elevated level of toxicity of chemotherapy” (Day). So would using cannabis to treat cancer be more effective and less toxic than chemotherapy?

Before exploring the medical benefits associated with cannabis as an alternative cancer therapy, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of what exactly cancer is. According to the National Cancer Institute, cancer is divided into several categories: carcinoma, sarcoma, leukemia, lymphoma, melanoma and central nervous system cancers. In spite of the different names and locations of these cancers in the body, they all share a common process (National Cancer Institute par. 1). Cancer cells start off as normal cells in the body, but somewhere in the cells life cycle of growth and death something happens to these cells that prevents them from dying. Rather than completing the normal cell life cycle, they instead keep growing in a specific location of the body until a cancerous lesion or tumor is created. If small groups of cancer cells break away from the main group of cancer cells they will find away into the blood stream where they travel to other parts of the body and begin to grow in a new location. So what causes these normal cells to mutate and form cancer cells?

A recent study from the Department of Immunology in Mexico stated, “There is increasing evidence of a close link between inflammation and cancer, and at the core of inflammation there are both pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger (or damage)-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)” (Department of Immunology par.1). DAMPs and PAMPs are sensors located within the body’s immune cells that gather and process information when the cells come in contact with pathogens (germs). When the PAMPs and DAMPs identify the molecular pattern of a pathogen, a command is given from the PAMPs and DAMPs to the rest of the cell to devour the pathogen (R&D Systems pg. 1). So if cancer cells are just immune cells responding to a pathogen, then what pathogen are the immune cells responding to? This leads to an even better question, “Is there a wide spread pathogen whose infection has a high probability of creating cancer?”

According to report published by the American Society of Microbiology “Candida albicans is the most common human fungal pathogen” (Noble and Johnson par. 1). Also the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that “Candida is the fourth most common cause of bloodstream infections among U.S. hospital patients” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention par. 1). As to its probability of causing cancer the Department of Biology at Youngstown State University in Ohio found that “inoculation of C. albicans produces numerous tumor-like lesions and abscesses on the major organs of experimental laboratory rats” (Department of Biology par. 1) However it is unethical for a doctor or a scientist to purposefully inject a human subject with Candida albicans, so the likely hood of such important data being collected is impossible. Fortunately there was study done by the Institute of Clinical Medicine in Aarhus, Denmark showing that out of 21,247 patients with Candida albicans 100% of them were diagnosed with some form of cancer within 10 years of contracting Candida albicans (Department of Clinical Epidemiology par. 2). These facts point to Candida albicans as being one cause of cancer, but there are numerous other chemicals and pathogens that are said to be carcinogenic. What is the probability of Candida albicans being the sole cause of cancer? To explore this theory it is imperative to know how the fungus interacts with the human body.

According to a report by the American Society for Microbiology “All humans are colonised with Candida species, mostly Candida albicans” (Achkar and Fries par. 1). For the most part Candida albicans lies dormant within the human body, however when certain levels of PH in the stomach or blood stream are reached Candida albicans begins to accelerate its growth. The normal PH levels of the human stomach are 1.5-3.5 PH (very acidic) and normal blood stream PH is about 7.4 PH (alkaline). The Tohoku Pharmaceutical University in Sendai, Japan found that the optimal level for Candida albicans growth was between 4-7 PH (Department of Microbiology par. 1). Coincidentally Dr. A.K. Brewer discovered that by temporarily raising the blood PH of 30 human cancer patients with alkaline (base) elements to a level of 8 PH, he was successfully able to completely eliminate the cancer in all 30 patients, some patients tumors were eliminated within 12-36 hours (Brewer par. 1).

Candida albicans is not only a fungus but it is also considered yeast. According to S. Baron, editor of Medical Microbiology “Small molecules (e.g., simple sugars and amino acids) accumulate in a watery film surrounding the hyphae or yeast and simply diffuse through the cell wall” (Baron par. 1). Glucose (sugar) is the main source of food for all cells in the human body, but it is also the main source of food for Candida albicans. By stealing the glucose from the cells of the body the yeast begins to multiply faster, quickly eating away the tissue of vital organs. Like brewers yeast, Candida albicans converts sugar into alcohol, however this alcohol is not ethanol (vodka), but acetaldehyde (the chemical that causes hangovers) (Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Unit par. 4). Coincidentally, scientists at Keele University in Trent, U.K. made “the discovery that acetaldehyde is released by the lung cancer cell” (Center for Science and Technology in Medicine par. 1). Due to the acidity of acetaldehyde the average PH level in the blood stream drops creating an optimal PH range for Candida albicans to spread through out the body. This theory of cancer being the result of fungus seems like a fairly logical conclusion, but do any reputable medical institutes dedicated to the advancement of cancer research share this same conclusion?

In May of 2013 the U.S. National Cancer Institute tested an antifungal medicine named “Compound 3c” and found that the medicine “showed high activity against HOP-92 (Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer)” (Heterocyclic Compounds Research Group par 1). Apparently these results were so promising that a few months later in October of 2013 scientists form Gaziosmanpaşa University in Tokat, Turkey carried out similar experiments with similar results when testing their antifungal compound on cancer cells. In light of these positive findings, scientists from the Faculty of Marine Sciences in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia began testing an antifungal compound derived from the plant Saraca indica on cancer cells and published their findings in November of 2013. Shortly after that, a group of scientists from the University of Calabria in Rende, Italy extracted antifungal chemicals from Citrus seeds with the intent of using this extraction to treat cancer. Which brings us to the most talked about, most tested, most studied, most published plant derived antifungal and anticancer compounds in modern history, cannabinoids.

According to the National Cancer Institute “Chemical components of Cannabis, called cannabinoids, activate specific receptors found throughout the body to produce pharmacologic effects, particularly in the central nervous system and the immune system” (National Institutes of Health par. 1) There are literally hundreds of reports regarding the anti-tumor properties of cannabinoids published by the National Institutes of Health. One of these reports reveals how scientists had analyzed “the pathways triggered by cannabinoids to induce apoptosis” (Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience par. 1) in cancerous tumors. Apoptosis is a condition were the body literally commands a certain group of cells to die, in this case cannabinoids trigger a mechanism in the human body that sends this command specifically to cancer cells. More fascinating still is the discovery made by scientists from Periyar University in Salem, India regarding the highly effective anti-fungal properties of cannabinoids when applied to samples of cultured Candida albicans.

Currently the cannabis plant, DEA number 7360, is considered a schedule I drug according to the U.S. Department of Justice. This means that there is absolutely no medical value associated with cannabis. However in 2001 the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services filed a U.S. patent on cannabinoids sighting that “cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants, for example in limiting neurological damage following ischemic insults, such as stroke and trauma, or in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and HIV dementia” (United States par. 1) This is an obvious contradiction in U.S. drug policy.


Through the trials and tribulations of cancer, my mother and I have gained these key points of knowledge: 1. Cancer and tumors are not a disease, they are the bodies immune response to a foreign pathogen. 2. Candida albicans is the pathogen that triggers the body’s immune system to produce what doctors habitually misdiagnosed as “cancer”. 3. The cannabis plant contains chemical compounds called cannabinoids that have been proven to be a safe, low cost and effective treatment against life threatening Candida albicans infections. Doctors, pharmaceutical companies, law enforcement officers and politicians all tremble with fear as they begin to realise that the angry mothers of America unite with this new found awareness regarding “cancer”. These angry mothers will impose a social, economical and spiritual retribution in the names of all friends, cousins, sisters, daughters, granddaughters, aunts, mothers and grandmothers who fell victim to the carefully crafted illusion of “cancer”. This retribution, the likes of which no fascist has ever seen, will be wrathfully administered the moment these angry moms realise that more women have died from a lie than a disease.

By Adrion T. Kelley

Growers in BC Fight for Place in Legal Market

VANCOUVER — Travis Lane has been growing marijuana since high school, when his first pot plant swiftly withered and died in his bedroom closet. By the time he was 20, he had cultivated a small basement grow-operation.

Now in his mid-thirties, Lane owns an online dispensary and runs two 390-plant operations on Vancouver Island. He employs two growers and raises his plants without pesticides or liquid fertilizer.

“I don’t want to hide what I do. I’m good at what I do. I’m proud of being good at what I do,” he said. “I’ve been proactive my whole life in trying to move towards a time where I can openly be a cannabis professional.”

Lane holds two Health Canada licenses for the grow sites, making his pot production legal for medical purposes. But with the federal Liberals committed to legalizing cannabis for recreational use, Lane is among the smaller-scale growers fighting for a seat at the table.

The government is still in the early stages of developing the legislation it plans to introduce next spring. Those behind a budding “craft cannabis” movement warn, however, that if the law favours large-scale commercial producers, then jobs and potential tourism revenues will be lost and the black market will continue to thrive.

“It’s going to be the National Energy Program all over again, but instead of Alberta and oil, it’s going to be B.C. and cannabis,” said Ian Dawkins of the Cannabis Growers of Canada, referring to the 1980 policy that infuriated Albert-ans when the federal government tried to gain more control over the oil industry.

“You’re talking about economic activity that has sustained communities that have been devastated by the loss of primary industries.”

His group, a national trade association representing small and medium-sized pot growers and vendors, recently commissioned a report on B.C.’s cannabis industry. Economist Larissa Flister used Colorado, a similarly-sized state with legal pot, as a proxy to estimate that about 13,700 people have marijuana-related jobs in B.C.

It’s a rough figure that’s impossible to verify due to the illegality of the jobs, but several estimates have pegged the value of B.C.’s pot industry at between $2 billion and $7 billion.

Advocates say they are fighting to ensure that legalization actually recognizes those workers, rather than pushing them further underground.

Dawkins pointed to the federal Liberals’ cautious tone, and intense lobbying by large licensed producers, pharmacies and liquor stores, as signs the government could be headed towards a strict regime without space for smaller growers or dispensaries.

“If you’re selling cannabis in a liquor store, in this tightly-controlled regulatory environment, you’re not creating tourism. There was no winery tourism in B.C. until they began to DE-regulate the winery sector and allow for all these wineries to pop up in the Okanagan,” he said.

“Cannabis is no different. No one is going to fly to Vancouver to go to a pharmacy and buy the Budweiser of joints.”

The Southern Interior community of Nelson has put forward a resolution asking the Union of B.C. Municipalities to lobby the federal government to share tax revenue from legal marijuana with provinces and cities.

Teresa Taylor, a founding director of the Craft Cannabis Association of B.C., warned that if an “elitist” legal system is created, the black market will flourish. She said craft cannabis growers are “ma and pa” farmers who care about producing a high-quality product.

“In order for us to continue to have strong local economies, the legislative model needs to include that level of production. I think it would be akin to losing something like the forestry industry or mining or fisheries,” she said.

“We depend on this. We need it to stay in place, and not only that, but we need it to be recognized as a valuable and noble agricultural profession.”

Vancouver lawyer John Conroy said he believes the Liberals are open to allowing craft growers.

He said Canadians have already proven they dislike a system that limits marijuana sales to big companies. In February, Conroy won a constitutional challenge of 2013 legislation that required medical cannabis patients to buy from large licensed producers.

Before the 2013 law, patients could obtain Health Canada licenses to grow their own marijuana. A court injunction has kept the old program alive for about 28,000 people, including Lane.

The Liberals are expected to amend the law to allow for both systems to co-exist by late August.

“People have already shown that the licensed-producer process is not working, and voted with their feet, creating the demand for the dispensaries,” said Conroy. “That’will happen again, if the government doesn’t provide reasonable access.”


Court rulings aside, legalizing pot still a pipe dream.

There were few subjects the former federal Conservative government despised more than pot. It knew where the majority of Canadians stood on the issue – in favour of legalization – but it also knew that the party’s core supporters would have no part of that.

There may have been no better illustration of the struggles the Tories had with the matter than the system it created for the licensing and distribution of medical marijuana, the same one that was discredited and toppled by a Federal Court judge Wednesday.

Once upon a time, Canadians with authorization from a physician could grow their own cannabis plants or designate someone to do so for them. Under that program, the number of production licences went from fewer than 500 in 2002 to more than 22,000 by 2012. Uncomfortable with the proliferation of both users and growers, and unwilling to give Health Canada the budget to properly monitor and audit the system, the Harper government decided to change the rules.

Under the new plan, the number of growers was restricted and their operations more tightly controlled. Products had to be ordered online. Costs for users became prohibitive, which was either by design or a happy consequence for the anti-pot government (depending on which theory you subscribe to). It didn’t take long for a disgruntled group of users to win a court injunction against the new structure. It was that challenge that led to the ruling that came out this week.

This is a good thing. The program set up by the Conservatives was designed to fail. After the injunction was granted, both the old and new systems were allowed to operate concurrently. This created a mess that the former government had no appetite for dealing with. In the absence of any leadership, dispensaries started popping up in Vancouver, almost in defiance of Ottawa.

Now the matter is in the hands of the federal Liberal government, which campaigned on the promise to legalize marijuana.

The new government has been given six months to straighten things out in terms of medical marijuana. Most likely, it will create a new plan that is a hybrid of the two existing models. It will give users the choice and accessibility to which the courts say they have a constitutional right, with the control over the substance (including standardization and testing) that is necessary.

What it does about the illegal dispensaries that have sprung up across the country is anyone’s guess, although it’s difficult to imagine a scenario in which a government intent on legalizing the drug tries to shut them all down. That ship has sailed.

If nothing else, the Federal Court ruling has drawn attention to the enormous stakes that surround the multibillion-dollar marijuana industry. Everyone wants a piece of it, including, as we learned this week, pharmacy chains such as London Drugs and Shoppers Drug Mart. Many are poised for the day pot is finally legalized in Canada, a day some believe is just around the corner.

How wrong they are.

Marijuana will not be coming to your nearest government-regulated outlet any time soon. The Liberals are discovering that legalizing marijuana is easier in theory than practice. It would have an impact on international treaties, and there are complex border issues to be resolved. There are the country-wide consultations the government has committed to undertaking. There is a strong chance pot will still be illegal, technically at least, by the next federal election.

The good news for recreational users who don’t have illicit sources is that it has never been been easier to obtain. There are about 500,000 medical-cannabis users in Canada over the age of 25, according to Health Canada. The number has sky-rocketed in recent years. Why? Because anyone complaining of the slightest bit of pain can get a prescription. Walk into some of the storefront marijuana dispensaries in Vancouver and you don’t even need that.

Is any of this likely to change as a result of this week’s court ruling? Nope. Probably the most significant outcome of the decision is that now people will be able to grow pot in their homes without fear they’ll be thrown into jail for doing so.